Remember, if you found this tutorial useful why not head on over to the Scenic Forge Facebook page to check out some more examples of Nicks work.
N.B Nick refers often to a store called Wilkos which is a general hardware store here in the UK.
Seal the entire piece with PVA. I mix black paint into the PVA to not only seal the piece but give it a basecoat too. It also helps to highlight any spots you missed, which might not be apparent if you use regular PVA.
DO NOT SPRAY PAINT ON A SEALANT SUCH AS VARNISH. The majority of spraypaints contain solvents which melt styrofoam. It's bad. Don't do it. Just paint it by hand - won't take long.
The reason this has been sealed is that the majority of the materials used (styrofoam, MDF, cork bark, polyfilla) absorb paint like a sponge. It makes it very hard to work with. Sealing the terrain also helps with its durability.
Step 13These are the paints I'm going to be using.
Rock: Wilkos "Barely Black" emulsion paint, mid-grey then a light grey.
Ground: Wilkos "Java Bean" emulsion, mid-brown, light brown
Don't be tempted to skip the mid-tones. They add a lot of depth.
When it comes to the dirt areas, try not to just dump flock over the transition - instead sprinkle it on so that it's a smooth, rather than abrupt transition.
Try to use two different shades of flock (at least). Use a lighter shade for edges, such as where it meets rock and for higher ground. Use darker shades where water would naturally collect.
If you don't have two shades of flock, or struggle to find a good highlight, you can replicate this effect by drybrushing the grass (after it's dried!) with a very light brown or a darker green.
Now that the entire thing has been sealed and painted, you can use a spray varnish without worry of it melting the styrofoam. Always check the weather and temperature outside before using spray varnish - you don't want to get the dreaded frosting effect. As long as the temperature and humidity isn't too extreme then you should be fine.
While it also adds detail, clump foliage is really useful for covering up any mistakes such as spots missed during texturing or painting, or any spots where you screwed up the drybrushing with too much paint on the brush.